Yauco Gardens by Ming Fay
Yauco, founded in 1756, is known as the "Coffee Towntown, founding: A group of vecinos that wanted to found a town had to grant a power of attorney to one or more other vecinos to represent them before the governor and viceroy. This person could authorize the founding of the town and the establishment of a parish. The grantors of the power of attorney had to be a majority in the given territory and more than ten in number. Once the case had been made, the governor appointed a capitán poblador or settlement official to represent the vecinos and one or more delegates, who usually lived in nearby cabildos vecinos to receive the necessary documentation. Proof was required that the settlement was so far from a church that it was very difficult for the settlers to partake of sacraments and municipal services. In general, proof was provided of the absence or bad condition of roads and bridges. If the petition was approved, it was required that the vecinos mark off the new municipality and build public works such as a church, a parish house, a government house (Casa del Rey), a slaughterhouse, and a cemetery, and to set aside land for the town square or plaza and the commons (ejidos). The vecinos were expected to cover the cost of building these works by levying special assessments. Usually one of the land owners donated some land for the founding. Once the requirements had been met, the governor authorized the founding of the town and the parish, and he appointed a Lieutenant at War who usually was the same capitán poblador.
," the "Taino Capital," and the "Town of Corsicans." Its patron saint is the Virgen del Santísimo Rosario. Its name comes from the Taino word Coayú
which was used to identify the region and is related etymologically to the word yuca
Yauco covers a territory of 69.16 square miles. It is divided into the sectors of Yauco Pueblo, Aguas Blancas, Algarrobo, Almácigo Alto, Almácigo Bajo, Barina, Caimito, Collores, Diego Hernández, Duey, Frailes, Jácana, Naranjo, Quebradas, Rancheras, Río Prieto, Rubias, Sierra Alta, Susúa Alta, Susúa Baja and Vegas. The population is 46,384 yaucanos
The economy of Yauco is based on agriculture, especially its coffee, which is recognized worldwide. Tobacco, sugar cane and fruits are also grown. Also operating in the municipality are several factories that manufacture scientific instruments and food products made from flour.Geography
Yauco is bordered on the north by the municipalities of Maricao, Lares and Adjuntas, on the east by Guayanilla, on the west by Guánica
and Sabana Grande and on the south by the Caribbean Sea. Yauco is part of the southern coastal plain, although the northern zone of the municipality extends to the southern slopes of the central mountain range. The municipality's highest elevations are located in this area: mount Membrillo, Rodadero peak and the Curet peak. Part of the mountainous territory of Yauco falls within the Guilarte and Susúa forests.
The municipality's hydrological system consists of the following bodies of water: the Yauco, Loco, Chiquito, Naranjo and Buey rivers and the Grande, La Granja, Quebradas, Berrenchín, Fría, Mango Prieto and Susúa streams. There are also two reservoirs: the Luchetti, with an original capacity of 16,500 foot/acres, and the Loco, with 1,950 foot/acres.
Other geographical features are La Ballena bay and El Convento and El Negro caves, located in the Duey sector.
Version: 09050501 Rev. 1