Government / Labor Struggles and Unions in Puerto Rico
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At the beginning of 21th century

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New strategy from workers struggles
Although under the rule of law in Puerto Rico, supported by federal legislation, the right to organize and to strike is recognized, a minority of workers are unionized. For example, after Public Law 45 was passed in 1998, authorizing the organization of state-level public employees, it is estimated that more than 80 percent of government workers are not unionized.

Furthermore, strikes in Puerto Rico in the public and the private sectors have decreased in terms of quantity, frequency, and duration. It is estimated, for example, that 98 percent of collective bargaining agreements are reached without strikes or major conflict.

Labor struggles and the broadening of labor rights are part of a continuous process that is influenced by the needs and historical perspective of workers at a given moment. In the case of Puerto Rico, the process has included additional legislation regarding the rights of working mothers, breast-feeding rights, and rights related to equal opportunity, minimum wages, and protection against sexual harassment in the workplace.

Today, the labor movement in Puerto Rico faces new challenges in the scenario of a globalized economy. The future will tell how the transnational labor movement will develop and how new strategies will be developed.

Autor: Mario Roche
Published: September 11, 2014.

Page: 1, 2,

Version: 08100102 Rev. 1
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