Effective management of our natural resources requires government action and active citizen participation. The need to reduce environmental damage (soil, air, and water pollution, deforestation, and inadequate habitat intervention) in order to conserve nature —which all life depends on including human beings— is increasingly noticeable. The deterioration of the environment is due to industrial development, over-exploitation of natural resources to create products that meet the demands of consumerism, urban spillage, illegal movement of the earth's crust, introduction of alien species, and use of land for agriculture.
Some natural resources are renewable; that is, they can be reused many times, replaced or re-grown, as long as human beings care for their regeneration (water, soil, animals, and plants). But there are others that are identified as non-renewable natural resources (such as fossil fuels) because their natural formation is very slow and complex; and there are those which are irreplaceable (such as hummocks and mountains).
In Puerto Rico, we can find a variety of natural resources which will be classified to ease their understanding:
1. Biological- those related to living organisms;
2. Hydric- related to water resources and their implications;
3. Geological and geomorphological- those related to the earth's crust, what it is composed of and its implications;
4. Energy- from where we generate energy.
Version: 08032702 Rev. 1