Municipalities / Cabo Rojo
Galería Multimedios
Audio Gallery Video Gallery Photo Gallery     Increase/Decrease Text Size Send to a Friend Print Friendly Version Universal Accessibility Help Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades Official Web Site.

General Information

Versión español
Townsquare Ramón Emeterio Betances
Cabo Rojo is located on the southwest coast of Puerto Rico. The municipality has an area of 70.4 square miles (182.5 square kilometers) and is nicknamed "Cofresí's towntown, founding: A group of vecinos that wanted to found a town had to grant a power of attorney to one or more other vecinos to represent them before the governor and viceroy. This person could authorize the founding of the town and the establishment of a parish. The grantors of the power of attorney had to be a majority in the given territory and more than ten in number. Once the case had been made, the governor appointed a capitán poblador or settlement official to represent the vecinos and one or more delegates, who usually lived in nearby cabildos vecinos to receive the necessary documentation. Proof was required that the settlement was so far from a church that it was very difficult for the settlers to partake of sacraments and municipal services. In general, proof was provided of the absence or bad condition of roads and bridges. If the petition was approved, it was required that the vecinos mark off the new municipality and build public works such as a church, a parish house, a government house (Casa del Rey), a slaughterhouse, and a cemetery, and to set aside land for the town square or plaza and the commons (ejidos). The vecinos were expected to cover the cost of building these works by levying special assessments. Usually one of the land owners donated some land for the founding. Once the requirements had been met, the governor authorized the founding of the town and the parish, and he appointed a Lieutenant at War who usually was the same capitán poblador.," "the hatchetmen," "Betances'' birthplace" and "the capital of internal tourism in Puerto Rico". According to the 2000 census, there were 46,911 caborrojeños, residing in Bajura, Boquerón, Cabo Rojo Pueblo, Guanajibo, Llanos Costa, Llanos Tuna, Miradero, Monte Grande, and Pedernales wards.

The geography of this town is characterized by the diversity of its geography, its natural resources, and the diversity of its ecosystems. Its beautiful landscapes include beaches as Combate, Boquerón, Playa Sucia, Puerto Angelino, Joyuda, lagoons (Atolladero, Joyuda, Guaniquilla, and Boquerón Channel), bays (Bramadero, Puerto Real, Boca Prieta, Boquerón, Salinas and Sucia), salt flats, the Boquerón State Forest, and the Bermeja range. These features make this an important destination as well as a site for scientific research in Puerto Rico. The municipality is home to the Cabo Rojo National Fish and Wildlife Reserve, which includes the Salinas Interpretive Center, as well as two marine laboratories located in Punta Arenas and El Combate. Another tourist attraction is the cave used by the legendary pirate Cofresí, where it is said that he hid the booty he stole from the merchant ships that sailed through the region.

As an important tourist center, Cabo Rojo counts with facilities such as the Boquerón Resort Center, the Yatch club, Villavilla: The villa was a settlement that had certain privileges to distinguish it from a village or aldea. Taína, and the fishing village. There are also many hotels and restaurants that attract many visitors during the summer months, making tourism another important sector in the municipality's economy.


Cabo Rojo is on the southwest coast of Puerto Rico, bordered on the north by Mayagüez and Hormigueros, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, on the east by the towns of San Germán, Hormigueros and Lajas and on the west by the Mona Channel, in the western coastal plan region. The topography allows for devoting 38 percent of the town's lands to agriculture, including crops such as watermelon, tomatoes, and green peppers. Elevated areas include Sierra Bermeja, Cordillera Sabana Alta, Monte Grande, and Peñones de Melones. The highest points include Mount Mariquita 988 feet (301.12 meters), Mount Buena Vista 850 feet (259 meters), Mount Vargas 650 feet (198.12 meters) and Mount Conde Avila 394 feet (120 meters).

The Guanajibo, Novillo and Viejo rivers run through the municipality. There is also an irrigation channel, and the waters of Cajul creek, and Boquerón, La Costa, Los Chorros, Formina, Grande, González, Irrizary, Mendoza, Los Pajaritos, La Piedra, Pileta, Las Piñas, Teresa and Zumbón brooks. Lagoons include Atolladero, Joyuda, Guanaquilla and Caño Boquerón. There are many bays --Bramadero, Puerto Real, Boca Prieta, Salinas, and Sucia --and promontories: Guanajibo, Arenas, Ostiones, Carnero, La Mela, Guanaquilla, Moja Casabe, águila, Molino and Pitahaya. The Boqueron bird refuge is located in Boquerón ward. The sanctuary is reinforced by several reforestation projects at the Cabo Rojo Fish and Wildlife National Refuge and Mona Island. Mangroves are being planted on Mona Island, as well as starting coral reefs, with a view to controlling erosion.

Page: 1, 2, 3, 4,

Version: 08011501 Rev. 1
How to quote this article?
See Glossary
External Links
Oficina de Conservación Histórica
Cabo Rojo municipality
Cabo Rojo
Areciboweb: sobre los municipios
Cultura e historia: Mojacasabe
Municipio Autónomo de Cabo Rojo
FPH is not responsible for the external links content.