During his presidency, the Atheneum sponsored a dramadrama: Refers to literary pieces and selections that display drama-like characteristic. writing competition in which Esta noche juega el joker, by Fernando Sierra Berdecía, and El clamor de los surcos, by Manuel Méndez Ballester, were awarded prizes. Together, Méndez and Belaval brought together the most important players in the theater world of
During its short life (1940-1941), Areyto produced two of the most important works in Puerto Rican theater: Mi señoría, by Luis Rechani Agrait – a political comedycomedy: A theatrical or cinematographic piece in which the action is predominantly pleasant, festive, or humorous, and which has a happy ending. The form is of Greek origin and generally has a social archetype as a main character. The situations are usually taken from daily life, in which the conflicts of values and ethics in the society are depicted. about a political naïf and his slow but sure corruption – and Tiempo muerto, by Manuel Méndez Ballester – a tragedy about Puerto Rican country folk faced with poverty and shame. In both works, languagelanguage: An oral communication system, which usually also includes writing, associated with a human community; tongue. assumes great importance as a resource in the faithful development of the characters. An analysis of these texts reveals the political, social, and economic panorama of
Esta noche juega el jóker, El clamor de los surcos, Mi señoría, and Tiempo muerto are an answer to the thematic and aesthetic requirements of Belaval's manifesto: "Our theater must be, first and foremost, a theater about society, a theater that is close to the people."
In 1941, the artistic director of Areyto, Leopoldo Santiago Lavandero, founded the Teatro Universitario, an important institution in the development and preparation of the people involved in
As a result, during the decade of the 1940s, the institutions were formed that would continue supporting the Puerto Rican theater movement. The Sociedad Dramática Areyto became the model for the new independent companies. For its part, the Puerto Rico Atheneum continued to sponsor competitions in play writing and later became the venue of the annual avant-garde theater festival. In turn, the Teatro Universitario / Department of Drama undertook to train its members both technically and academically. Simultaneously, native subject matter was becoming more clearly defined and came to characterize the tradition that the Mexican historian, Carlos Solórzano, said was "the most organic, homogeneous, and interesting nationalist theater in
Version: 06100209 Rev. 1