Puerto Rican Diaspora / Puerto Rican Diaspora in the United States
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According to demographic data from the 2000 census, the total number of Puerto Ricans living in the mainland United States reached 3.4 million, compared to the population of Puerto Rico, which stood at 3.8 million. These figures reveal an interesting demographic phenomenon since by the year 2010 the total population of the U.S. Puerto Rican diaspora will surpass that of the island of Puerto Rico.

There is a tendency to think that Puerto Rican migration to the United States is a pattern that began in the mid-20th century. While it is true that the mass exodus of the 1940s and 1950s has yet to be exceeded, the presence of Puerto Ricans in various U.S. cities in fact dates back to the second half of the 19th century, considerably predating the Spanish-American War, and the U.S. invasion of Puerto Rico in 1898, when Spain was forced to cede its remaining colonies to the United States.

[Tabla 1] illustrates the population growth among Puerto Ricans living in the continental United States for the period of 1910-2000. The U.S. census categorizes Puerto Ricans as Hispanics or Latinos, a group whose U.S. population totaled 41.3 million in 2005. Puerto Ricans comprise approximately 9 percent of the total U.S. Latino population. If the population of the island of Puerto Rico were to be included in this total figure, Puerto Ricans would account for nearly 19 percent of those claiming Hispanic origin.

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Agrarian Reform of 1941
Brief History of Puerto Rican Literature
Brief History of Puerto Rico
Colón, Jesús
Demographic Profile of the Diaspora
Economy of Puerto Rico, A Historical Perspective
Fertility, 1899-1960
Foreign Migration to Puerto Rico
Operation Bootstrap (1947)
Population and Society
Population of Foreign Origin in Puerto Rico, 1940-1970
Puerto Rican Emigration to Florida
Puerto Rican Emigration, 1945-1965
Puerto Rico Today
Puerto Rico: A Historical Overview
Settlement Patterns
The Puerto Rican Diaspora
The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Migratory Cycles and Communities in the Distance
The Urban Population of Puerto Rico, 1493-1960
Vega, Bernardo
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National Conference of Puerto Rican Women